How to Combine LOSC & POSC in EWM

How to Combine LOSC & POSC in EWM

LOSC and POSC Combination
LOSC and POSC Combination
Home » How to Combine LOSC & POSC in EWM

In this post we will study a business case in detail where material is purchased externally and put-away in our warehouse through a complex route

To map the physical put-away route we will configure LOSC & POSC in our SAP S4 HANA EWM. So we will see How to Combine LOSC & POSC in EWM Inbound in this post.

First we will look what is LOSC & POSC in EWM and then we will see the detail business case of requirement of combination of LOSC & POSC.

1. What is POSC (Process Oriented Storage Control)

As given in the heading, POSC stands for Process Oriented Storage Control. POSC is used to map the complex put away or picking in the warehouse.

--> POSC works on the internal process steps defined by SAP. 

--> We can define our external process steps as per our business needs. 

--> These external business steps are required to map to internal process steps (predefined by SAP).

--> POSC only works with the Handling Units (HUs). Where a handling unit (HU) is to be taken is determined by storage process step.

--> A storage process is defined based upon the business scenario and then relevant external steps are assigned to it

1.1 POSC – Some Salient Features

Below are some of the salient features of the POSC.

  • To determine the next destination of a HU in a external step, we enter storage types, storage sections, and storage bins along with Warehouse Process Type (WPT).
  • This storage types, storage sections, and storage bins can be a work center too where we can perform counting, repacking, deconsolidation, handover etc.
  • POSC can only be used with the goods receipt, goods issue or internal movement.
  • For the Goods Receipt (GR) process, storage process is given in the Warehouse Process Type (WPT).
  • For the Goods issue (GIO) process, storage process is given in the Warehouse Order Creation Rule (WOCR).

2. What is LOSC (Layout-Oriented Storage Process Control)

LOSC fulfills the need of taking the products through intermediate storage bins instead of directly moving the products from a source bin to a destination bin. For example – Pick Point, ID points or routing the products through Handover locations from warehouse to manufacturing.

2.1 LOSC – Some Salient Features

Below are the some salient features of LOSC (Layout-Oriented Storage Process Control)

  • We have defined the source storage type , destination storage types along with intermediate storage types.
  • Depending upon the business case we can define ID Points (Identification Points) or Pick Points.
  • We have defined Warehouse Process Type (WPT).
  • If required, we can define storage groups for layout-oriented storage control.

3. Combined storage control (POSC+LOSC)

We can combine the LOSC & POSC in order to map the complex steps during picking or put away.

We will take a business case of combining POSC & LOSC and configure our storage process accordingly

3.1 Business Scenario of POSC+LOSC

Our car company purchase battery from an external supplier.

--> Batteries are purchased and put away in Diesel Division as well as in Petrol division.

--> All the good receipt, even for the petrol division is done in the diesel division only

--> The material received for petrol division needs to be put away in petrol division via Petrol division staging area & petrol division handover area. This calls for the combination of POSC & LOSC

These batteries are received in the staging area in the warehouse

  • From the diesel division goods receipt inbound staging area, goods needs to be taken to the petrol area staging area
  • From the petrol division staging area good will be taken to an intermediate Hand over area.
  • In the intermediate hand over area, goods will be handed over to the petrol division colleagues for the p final put away in the petrol division.

Please see the pictorial view of the path below

Picture : Business Scenario for LOSC + POSC

4. Configuration of POSC

First we will configure the POSC (Process Oriented Storage Control).

4.1 Process Steps

There are two steps in our process

--> The first step is Stock removal from the Diesel division and internal movement to Petrol division while doing put away.

--> The second step is put away into diesel division.

We will create our external steps and assign them to standard internal steps

4.1.1 First Step

In our storage process, we have configured first external step as “YE13-Car Assly Re-paking of Staged Components” and assigned it to internal step will be “PAC”

Picture: First Step in our storage Process

4.1.2 Second Step

In our storage process, we have configured second external step as “YE22-Putaway” and assigned it to internal step will be “PUT”

Picture: Second Step in our storage Process

Since YE22 is corresponding to standard put away step so system will search destination ST, SS & BIN as per the put away strategy.

4.2 Assign Destination to External Steps

Now we will assign the destination data to our external steps

We have assigned the below data to our steps

Picture: Assignment of Destination to External Steps

4.2.1 Source Storage Type.

Here we control if the HU is to be moved using
a special intermediate storage type. This should match with the LOSC source storage type if we want to combine LOSC & POSC

In our configuration we used “PIGR” as source storage type with role as “I- Work Center in Staging Areas”

4.2.2 HU type group.

We can define a group of HU type which must always be moved using this intermediate storage type. We have not used HU type group in this scenario.

4.2.3 Warehouse Process Type.

The WPT used here will be used to create the warehouse task to the interim storage type. Depending upon the activity in the WPT, here activities to be performed are decided.

4.2.4 Destination Storage Type.

Here we can specify a staging area or work center storage type which can be used to perform certain activities like Handover or repacking in the intermediate storage type

In our configuration we have used destination storage type as “SMPL” which has the role as “E-Work Center”

4.2.5 Destination Storage Section

Here we enter an storage section and/or an storage bin. This tells the system in more detail to where the HU is to be moved.

In our configuration of step “YE13” we have used storage section as “RPH2-Petrol Div HO Model E&F”

4.2.6 Destination Storage BIN

We have used destination storage bin “P-HO-RP-SP-2-WC” , a work center BIN. This bin is created in storage type “SMPL” & storage section “RPH2”

4.3 Work Center Configuration

To Configure the work center, follow the path below

SPRO –> SCM Extended Warehouse Management –> Extended Warehouse Management –> Master Data –> Work Center –> Define Work Center

We have configured work center as WC07 as given below

Picture: Work Center “WC07” configuration

4.3.1 Assignment of BIN to Work center ( “/SCWM/TWORKST”)

Now we will assign this work center “WC07” to a storage bin.

Picture: Assignment of BIN to Work center

4.4 Rule-Based Destination in Steps

There is an option of determining the destination data based on the rules (configuration) instead of like hardcoding in the form of inputting the destination data in the external step.

Picture: “Rule-Based” option in external step
--> If We want the system to search for the destination storage type, storage section & bin using specific rules instead of  like hardcoding in the form of inputting the destination data, set the Rules-Bas indicator in the external step.

--> If we set the rule-base indicator, then we need not to enter an section or bin, system uses the put away strategies to find destination data. We can specify if system should search the data automatically or warehouse operator can decide manually through WT Generic indicator under Put Away control section of the Storage type configuration.

4.5 POSC Storage Process

We have configured both our POSC external steps, now we will define a storage process and assign it to our POSC external steps.

We have define storage process as “IB07-Battery-GR-HO & PTWY in Petrol Div”.

4.5.1 Assignment of External Steps

Now we will assign our both the external steps to our storage process “IB07”

Picture: Storage Process and Assignment of External Steps

4.4.2 Create WT Automatically Checkbox

if we want that as soon as a storage process is confirmed, warehouse task for the next process step should be created automatically then we should select this Auto WT checkbox .

--> Auto WT check box defines the automatic Creation of Subsequent step Warehouse Task.

POSC configuration is completed here.

5. Configuration of LOSC

Our business process requires a path which involves change of Diesel division to petrol division. All GR happens in Diesel division while this material is put away in petrol division.

Because of change of division material has to be first receive in the staging area in petrol division from there is it sent to the work center for repack & hand over

So LOSC is configured as below for this scenario

Picture : LOSC Configuration

6. How LOSC & POSC is Combined in the above Configuration

In the POSC configuration we have given source ST as “PIGR” & destination ST as “SMPL”, with work center “WC07” as handling & repacking area.

Under LOSC configuration we have stated that material needs to be routed through intermediate ST “GIPS” if source ST is “PIGR” & Destination ST is “SMPL”

--> From the above explanation it is clear that from source ST "PIGR" to destination ST "SMPL" , we have combined POSC & LOSC in the form of intermediate ST as "PIGS"

7. Testing of LOSC+POSC

Now we will test The combination of LOSC & POSC.

7.1 Product Master Data

We have created material as “Battery” with Process Type Detector indicator as “B1-Battery-GR-HO & PTWY in Petrol Div” & Putawy control indicator as “PT10-PACI For Pt Div Battery Strg”

Picture: Product Master Data

Please check the below post for detail description of material creation

Creating the material for S4 HANA EWM

7.2 Create Inbound Delivery

Now we will create the PO in S4 HANA

Please check the below post for step-by-step PO creation process

Create Standard Purchase Order

Please see the below post to check step-by-step configuration of inbound delivery in S4 HANA

YEL-Inbound Delivery for our car business

Please click HERE check step-by-step configuration of inbound delivery in S4 HANA EWM

Inbound delivery is created and distributed to EWM

Picture: Inbound Delivery distribution to EWM

Please see the below post to see the detail of WPT configuration & determination

Understanding EWM Warehouse Process Type-Some Business scenarios of WPT

Please check the post below to see the detail how system determines staging bay & goods movement bin determination

EWM Inbound : Staging Bay & Goods Movement Bin Determination

7.3 Create the WH Task

Once Goods receipt is done we will create the warehouse task to start the put away.

There are two methods of creating the warehouse task

7.3.1 Create the Warehouse Task Manually

Display the IBD in the monitor and click on “Create WT in background”

as shown in the screenshot below

Picture: Create WT Manually

7.3.2 Create the Warehouse Task Automatically

Configure the PPF action as given in the below post in detail to create the put away warehouse tasks automatically

Picture: PPF action trigger to create WT automatically

System has created two Warehouse tasks

System has created two WH tasks due to combination of LOSC & POSC.

7.3.3 First WT due to POSC

POSC is always executed first so system has created the first warehouse task as per POSC step 1 from source ST “PIGR” to destination ST “SMPL”

--> POSC task is in status "B-Waiting" as due to combination with LOSC take product need to reach to destination ST through staging area "GIPS"

System has created the first destination data as per the POSC step 1 as explained HERE

Please see the WT creation log below

Picture: System log for first WT creation

7.3.4 Second WT due to LOSC

After determination of destination as per POSC, system has now created task due to LOSA configuration between the source & destination. As a result system has kept the POSC WT in status “B” i.e. waiting and created another active task to the intermediate BIN as per the LOSC

Please see the LOSC WT creation log below

Picture: WT 2 creation log due to LOSC

System has created LOSC task from source ST “PIGR” to intermediate ST “GIPS”.

We need to first confirm this WT

--> As soon as LOSC task is confirmed system will flip the source storage type, storage section & storage bin data with the intermediate storage type, storage section & storage bin in the waiting status POSC task

7.4 Confirmation of LOSC task

Confirm the LOSC task from source Storage type to the intermediate Storage Type and look for the changed source data of POSC task (earlier in waiting status but now in active status)

Picture: Confirmation of LOSC task and Flipping the source data of POSC data

7.5 Confirmation of POSC task

Confirm the POSC task which will take the material from staging area to the Repack/Handover Work Center (Storage Type : “SMPL”, Storage Section: “RPH2” & BIN: “P-HO-RP-SP-2-WC”).

Work center “WC07” is assigned to this BIN “P-HO-RP-SP-2-WC” as shown HERE

Please note that system has executed this task which is connected with first step “YE13”.

Please keep in mind that while defining Work center “WC07” we have assigned this step and corresponding step destination data to the work center.

7.6 Handover at Work Center

Now HU is at handover work center .

--> Completing the process step for the HU at work center will be handover to the petrol division from system point of view.

--> Closing the HU will create a WT to take the HU from work center to the final put away bin in petrol div which should be confirmed by the petrol division WH operators. 

Complete the step for HU which will trigger the WT due to second step “Put away” in our POSC

Picture: Handover of HU to Petrol Division @ Work center

System has created the third warehouse task corresponding to POSC step 2 (Put away) from Intermediate BIN to final BIN

Picture: Creation of Final Put away Task

7.7 Final Put away

Confirmation of the final third warehouse task will put the material into the final petrol division storage bin as per the put away strategy

Now stock is available in the bin and in the S4/ECC stock will be posted to “Available for Sale” storage location.

Image by storyset on Freepik

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