SAP Sales & Distribution deals with sales to customers. So it a process where sales is made to customer against sales order and revenue is realized. That,s why SD is also called O2C (Order to Cash).
O2C consist of Order, delivery & billing. At the time of Sales Order creation there is no Accounting document. Accounting document is creating when goods issue is posted. So FI integration with SD starts from Outbound delivery PGI (Post Goods Issue)
1. Preparation for SD-FI Integration
We will create the sales order first . Then on the basis of sales order, we will create outbound delivery. At the time of goods issue to outbound delivery, system posts the respective amount to the corresponding GL account. This is SD-FI integration area.
We have customized our sales cycle as below. Sales Order (YOR) –> Outbound Delivery (YOBD) –> Billing (YF2) Note : Please check the below post to see the configuration of all the above three sales documents step by step Configure SAP S4 HANA Sales Documents in 10 Minutes To Check the SD-FI integration we need to reach till outbound delivery creation & subsequently PGI to outbound delivery.
1.1 Creation of Sales Order & Outbound Delivery
In the below post the process of sales order creation, Outbound delivery creation & subsequently PGI (Post Goods Issue) has been explained step by step.
Please check the below post thoroughly before proceeding further to SD-FI integration An Ultimate guide to Sales Order in SAP S4 HANA SD
2. SD-FI Integration starts From PGI of OBD
In the above post we have explained that since SD-FI configuration is still not done, so as soon as we tried to post goods issue to outbound delivery, system throws the below error.
2.1 Accounting entries at PGI
At the time of goods issue , stock is lessened by the quantity & value equal to the quantity & value of goods issue.
The offsetting entry is done on COGS (Cost of Goods Sold) account
Accounting entries at the time of Goods issue Cr Stock Account (-) Dr COGS (Cost of Goods Sold) (+) --> Stock account is credited on the basis of BSX key configuration from OBYC setting of MM-FI configuration. Please check the below post to see the step by step configuration of BSX Ultimate guide to configure S4 HANA MM-FI Integration For our car business BSX posting is done on GL 113600000 (Inventory Trading goods) Please click HERE to check the creation of GL account 113600000 --> COGS account is debited on the basis of GBB-VAX key. We will configure GBB-VAX key it in the next section.
As soon as we tried to post goods issue system throws the error due to absence of SD-FI integration configuration
2.1.1 First Error M8147 -Account determination for entry PPIN GBB not possible
This error is coming because of absence of configuration of inventory offsetting. We need to configure account determination of VAX key
VAX: for goods issues for sales orders without account assignment object (the account is not a cost element)
COGS account at the time of goods issue is determined based on this key.
For our car business GBB-VAX posting is done on GL 550200000 (PPIN-Cost of Goods Sold (Trade w/o Cost Element).
Please click HERE to check the creation of GL 550200000 step by step
Start OBYC and double click on GBB
3. Now try to post Goods Issue again
After GBB VAX configuration now try to post PGI again
PGI is done successfully this time
Material document & accounting document is generated
3.1 FI Postings (SD-FI Integration OBD PGI Part)
System creates a material document to update the quantity in the Plant/SLOC. On the back of it, system generates an accounting document to post the values on the respective GL accounts.
3.1.1 Reminder -Check the FI document above in light of the Material Pricing
Check the material price i the material master “Accounting 1” view.
4. Account Determination in SD
Account determination in SD is also called revenue account determination
Revenue account determination in SD is a process to determine the relevant revenue accounts to which prices, discounts, and surcharges are posted. The system uses conditions to determine the relevant accounts.
We have configured our own customized pricing procedure in the post below
Account Keys (for example ERL, ERS, MWS etc. in the above screenshot) are assigned to the different conditions in the pricing procedures.
Condition technique is used for account determination to allocate the correct general ledger account to the account keys as assigned in the pricing procedure. So determination procedure to find the accounts, called the account determination procedure.
4.1 Account Assignment Groups for Materials
Account assignment groups are used to classify a material as a
product, service, or equipment for the purpose of GL account differentiation.
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Check Master Data Relevant For Account Assignment –> Define Account Assignment Groups for Materials
We have defined below account assignment groups for materials.
Account keys are assigned to the material master record on the material sales org 2 view.
4.2 Account Assignment Groups for Customers
Account assignment groups for customers are useful if we want to post let,s say domestic sales revenue into different account while international sales revenue should be posted into different account.
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Check Master Data Relevant For Account Assignment –> Define Account Assignment Groups for Customers
4.3 Define Access Sequences and Account Determination Types
The Standard SAP has two condition types: KOFI (account determination) and KOFK (account determination with CO).
For our car business we will use the standard condition type KOFI,
which uses the access sequence with the key KOFI.
The KOFI access sequence has five condition tables assigned to it
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Define Access Sequences and Account Determination Types –> Define Access Sequences for Revenue Account Determination
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Define Access Sequences and Account Determination Types –> Define Account Determination Types
We can now allocate our chosen access sequence KOFI to the relevant account determination type (condition type) of our pricing procedure.
4.4 Define & Assign Account Determination Procedures
Here we define account determination procedures and allocate them to the billing types.
In an account determination procedure, we define the sequence in which the system should read the account determination types (condition types).
For our car business, we will use the standard account determination procedure (KOFI00) with the key "KOFI00" has already been defined. This will serve our purpose. We will copy KOFI00 and create our own as YPPIN0
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Define And Assign Account Determination Procedures –> Define account determination procedure
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Define And Assign Account Determination Procedures –> Assign Account Determination Procedure
Here we will assign our account determination procedure YPPIN0 to our customized billing type YF2
Please click HERE to check the configuration of our billing type “YF2”
4.5 Define And Assign Account Keys
We define account keys here and allocate them to the condition types in the pricing procedures. We have already defined and assigned account keys to our pricing procedure PPIN01
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Define And Assign Account Keys –> Assign Account Keys
With the account keys, we group together similar accounts in financial accounting.
Using the account key, system finds the relevant GL account.
4.6 Assign G/L Accounts (VKOA)
Here based on the access sequence of tables for KOFI, we will select the
table “001” Cust.Grp/MaterialGrp/AcctKey. Here we will assign all the relevant GL accounts.
Below are the components for GL assignment
• V (application) : Sales • CndTy (condition type) : KOFI • ChAc (chart of accounts) : PPIN • Sorg (sales organization) : PA10 • AAG (customer account assignment group) : From our list • AAG (material account assignment group) : From our list • ActKy (account key) : The key from our procedure • Assigned general ledger account : Relevant GL to the key selected above
SPRO –> IMG –> Sales and Distribution –> Basic Functions –> Account Assignment/Costing –> Revenue Account Determination –> Assign G/L Accounts
We have created GL account corresponding to the every key of our pricing determination.
--> Please check HERE to see the GL creation corresponding to ERL (Revenue) key --> Please check HERE to see the GL creation corresponding to ERS (Sale Deductions) key --> Please check HERE to see the GL creation corresponding to ERF (Freight Revenue) key
Now assign all the three GL accounts to the respective keys
4.7 Assign G/L Accounts For Tax Posting
Here we first create the tax account for output tax and assign this to the respective key (MWS)
GL 222000000 – PPIN-Output Tax (MWS) will be used to post tax amount.
Please see HERE to see the step by step GL 222000000 account creation
Assign the GL for tax posting as per the below
SPRO –> IMG –> Financial Accounting Global Settings –> Tax on Sales/Purchases –> Posting –> Define Tax Accounts
4.8 Tax Accounts Keys MW1, MW2 & MW3
Since tax keys MW1, MW2 & MW3 are given in our output tax determination schema so system will post the tax amounts on the GL accounts corresponding to these three keys
We have given GL 222000000 for all the three tax keys
5. Create Billing
now the next part of the O2C cycle is to post the billing. At the time of billing system will post the respective values onto the determined & assigned GL accounts as per the revenue account determination procedure.
start VF01 and input our Outbound delivery number
Create the billing and click on
Billing Documents –> Release to Accounting
system throws the below error
5.1 Error KI235 -GL requires an account assignment relevant to cost accounting
system throws the below error.
Here requirement is to assign the Sales Revenue cost element to a profit center --> The sales order and further any posting based on it (goods issue, billing, payment receipt) picks the profit center from the material master (costing view/sales org view). --> Or we can assign Profit center to the revenue element or cost center to the other cost element in the transaction OKB9
To resolve this error we need to activate profit center accounting as well as cost center accounting for our controlling area.
5.1.1 Profit Center Accounting
First we need to set our controlling area PPIN to set up Profit Center Accounting.
Then we need to maintain the global settings for Profit Center Accounting in our controlling area PPIN.
220.127.116.11 Controlling Area setting for Profit Center Accounting
We will set our controlling area PPIN
SPRO –> IMG –> Controlling –> Profit Center Accounting –> Profit Center Accounting –> Set Controlling Area
18.104.22.168 Maintain Controlling Area setting
Maintain the PPIN controlling area setting as below
SPRO –> IMG –> Controlling –> Profit Center Accounting –> Controlling Area Settings–> Maintain Controlling Area Settings
5.1.2 Create Profit Center
Run KE51 and created profit center “SALES”
5.1.3 Cost Center Accounting
we need to first activate cost center accounting on our controlling area.
SPRO –> IMG –> Controlling –> Cost Center Accounting –> Activate Cost Center Accounting in Controlling Area
activate for our controlling area PPIN
22.214.171.124 Create Cost Center
Start KS01 and create cost center “Cost”
5.2 Error KI235 -Resolution (OKB9)
Since now we have created profit center & cost center so assign them to the respective cost element under OKB9 to resolve this error
6. Create Billing – Retry after Error Resolution
Start VF01 and input outbound delivery number and press enter
Now go to
Billing Documents –> Release to Accounting
Billing document is successfully posted to accounting
6.1 Accounting Entries at Billing
Billing is now created and released to accounting
Display accounting document
SD-FI integration completes here.
Picture Courtesy : Inter vector created by rawpixel.com – www.freepik.com